Instructions for Contributors


You can download the template here: IJBE_format

1. Please send manuscripts (in triplicate, for hard copies) to:


    International Journal of Business and Economics

    P.O. Box 25-600

    Taichung 407



    [Fax: 886-4-2452-0530; Phone: 886-4-2451-7250 ext.4006]

2. There is no submission fee. The submission is accepted for review with the understanding that it contains original unpublished work and that it is not being submitted for publication elsewhere. Each corresponding author will be notified via email upon receipt of his/her manuscript. The journal does not accept responsibility for damage or loss of papers submitted. Upon acceptance of an article, author(s) will be asked to transfer copyright of the article to the publisher to ensure the widest possible dissemination. All editorial decisions will be sent out thru the editorial office via emails. Upon request corresponding authors are entitled to receiving a written copy of the decision in mail.

3. Manuscripts should be written in English, well crafted, double-spaced with one inch margins, printed on one side of A4 or letter-size white paper, and no more than 30 pages. 

Preferences will be given to short papers (in less than 22 pages in manuscripts or approximately 6300 words). All pages must be consecutively numbered. Titles and subtitles (used only if necessary) should be brief. Endnotes and appendices are discouraged but allowed provided that the number of endnotes are just a few, length of each endnote is short, and they are well justified for the adoption.1 Footnotes within the text body are not allowed.2  

4. The first page should furnish the following information: (i) the title, (ii) the name(s) and institutional affiliation(s) of the author(s), (iii) an abstract of no more than 40 words, (iv) 3 to 5 key words, and (v) 1 to 5 Journal of Economic Literature classification numbers (e.g., D64, D62, and C72). Both the postal and e-mail address as well as fax and telephone numbers of the corresponding author must be given on the same page in a first footnote, which is the only footnote allowed. Acknowledgements and information on grants received can also be provided within this footnote. Do use Times New Roman 12 for text font.
5. Figures will be reproduced photographically from originals supplied by the author; the publisher will not redraw them. Lettering and symbols should be of comparable size. Figures and Tables should be printed on separate pages and should be numbered consecutively in the text using Arabic numerals. Legends for figures should also be printed on separate pages. The titles and legends on tables and figures must be sufficiently descriptive so that they are understandable without reference to the text. The dimensions of figure axes and the body of tables must be clearly labeled in English. All unessential figures and tables should be eliminated from the manuscript.
6. Displayed formulae should be numbered consecutively against the right-hand margin of the page throughout the manuscript as in (1), (2), etc. In cases where the derivation of formulae has been abbreviated, the full mathematical workings necessary for justifying each step of the argument should be presented on separate pages (not to be published) for reviewers' reference.
7. References to publications should be in the author-date format as follows: "Doe (2001, p.10) reported that ¡K" or "This problem has been studied previously [e.g., Smith et al. (1958, pp.20-25) and Smith (1960)]". Two or more works by the same author in the same year should be distinguished by letters after the date. Ensure that there is a strict one-to-one correspondence between the names and years in the text and those included in the reference list. The references list should begin on a separate page at the end of the main text (but before tables and figures). References should be double spaced, reverse indented, and listed in alphabetical order by author's last name. Note that journal and book titles, either italicized or underlined, should not be abbreviated.

Sample references are

Akerlof, G. (1970), ¡§The Market for Lemons: Qualitative Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism,¡¨ Quarterly Journal of Economics, 84, 488-500.

Berge, C. (1963), Topological Spaces. New York: Macmillan Company. (An English translation, by E. M. Patterson, of Espaces Topologiques. Paris: Dunod, 1959.)

Defense Science Board (1970), Final Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Secrecy.

Doe, J., A. Smith, and M. Jordan (2001), ¡§Notes on Adverse Selection Models,¡¨ mimeo, Utopia University.

Hart, O. and B. Holmstrom (1987), ¡§The Theory of Contracts,¡¨ in Advances in Economic Theory: Fifth World Congress, T. Bewley ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 71-155.

Milgrom, P. and J. Roberts (1992), Economics, Organization, and Management. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Salwen, K. G. (1991), ¡§Executive Pay May Be Subject to New Scrutiny,¡¨ The Wall Street Journal, May 16, A-3.

8. Data used in the empirical analysis should be precisely documented and be readily available to any researcher for purposes of replication. In the case of publicly available data sets, identification of variables used and any selection criteria for inclusion in the sample will suffice. Authors reporting experimental results should include an experimental method section. The complete data set from the experiment, as well as sufficient details of the computational methods to permit replication, should be available upon request.

9. Use a single (not a double) space after a full stop, and after commas, colons, semicolons, etc. Do not put a space in front of a question mark. Be consistent in your use of English or American spelling (e.g., analyse vs. analyze). 

10. In addition to providing hard copies of submissions, authors are strongly encouraged to send electronic version of their papers (either typeset by Word or in pdf) to to expedite the reviewing process. Authors who only submit manuscripts thru emails must take the risk of causing problems such as missing fonts.

11. Any manuscript that does not conform to the above instructions may be returned for necessary revision before publication. Manuscripts obviously and seriously failing to either meet the guidelines listed here, or to comply with the aims and scope of this journal, will be rejected (directly from an Editor) without review. No paper will be rejected solely on the grounds of being too technical or too applied. High priority will be assigned to concise and lucid expositions. Serving for an international journal targeting general readership, we ask authors to take care to motivate their work and to communicate in clarity.

12. Starting from 2009, we also welcome the submission of technical notes. All accepted technical notes will be grouped into a clearly marked separate section at the end of the issue they appear. Manuscripts intended to be considered for technical notes should not contain the abstract section, should be strictly limited to five pages (again, double-spaced) with all figures and tables included. Decision on this type of manuscripts will be a simple up-or-down one, except for some minor adjustment in style. Authors of manuscripts of this kind should indicate in their cover letter that their papers are intended to be published as technical notes. Usually manuscripts of this kind will be reviewed by a board member in two weeks.

13. We ask authors not to make inquiry about the status of their submissions before the elapse of eight months for regular papers (and one month for technical notes) counted from receiving the acknowledging email.


  1.  This is just an example of making endnote 1.

  1. In light of the relatively compact size of printout of this journal, we decide, with apology to many, that no footnote can appear in the text body with the only exception as the footnote providing the basic information of author(s) and the usual acknowledgment.